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What causes scale?

An increase in temperature

An increase in water temperature can cause calcium and bicarbonate to come out of solution and deposit as scale (calcium carbonate) on the nearest receptive surface. This effect can be seen in heat exchangers, heating coils taps & shower heads.

An increase in pH (“potential of hydrogen”)

Pressure reduction that occurs as water is released from the system to atmospheric pressure allows carbonic acid to be released in the form of CO2. The reduction of this acidic component in solution causes an increase in pH and the potential for scale to form.

Salamander Pumps’ catalytic water conditioners treat hard water and prevent scale build-up.

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